Jamestown on FacebookJamestown on Facebook Jamestown on PinterestJamestown on Pinterest Jamestown on YoutubeJamestown on Youtube Jamestown on InstagramJamestown on Instagram Jamestown on TwitterJamestown on Twitter
Buy Tickets

On the Blog

Put a Ring on It
“Ruffing” it up at Jamestown
See All Posts

News Releases

‘TENACITY’ Special Exhibition Opening November 10 at Jamestown Settlement to Reveal Personal Stories of Women in 17th-Century Jamestown and Early Virginia

Exhibition, Special Programs Held in Conjunction with 2019 Commemoration, American EvolutionTM

WILLIAMSBURG, Va., August 17, 2018 — “TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia,” a special yearlong exhibition opening November 10 at Jamestown Settlement, a museum of 17th-century Virginia history and culture, will explore little-known, captivating personal stories of real women in Jamestown and the early Virginia colony and their tenacious spirit and impact on a fledgling society.

The special exhibition is a legacy project of the 2019 Commemoration, American Evolution, a national observance of the 400th anniversary of key historical events that occurred in Virginia in 1619 and continue to influence America today.

Women’s roles in the events of early Virginia history were rarely recorded. History gives us only fragments of their lives – a name here, a date of arrival there, a court case, marriage or death. Some of their stories have never been told.

This story-driven special exhibition will feature artifacts, images and primary sources – some on display in America for the first time – to examine the struggles women faced in the New World and their contributions. Visitors will hear stories of the first English women in the Virginia colony beginning in 1608 and the Powhatan Indian women they encountered. Exhibits will examine stories of the first documented African woman to arrive in Virginia in 1619, and the Virginia Company of London’s effort that same year to encourage the growth of the Jamestown colony by recruiting single English women. From women’s roles to women’s rights, the exhibition will connect issues of the 17th century and their relevance today.

Discover the stories of Anne Burras Laydon, an English woman who arrived in 1608 at the age of 14 as a maidservant; Cockacoeske, a Virginia Indian woman who was recognized by the colonial government as the “Queen of the Pamunkey” and ruled until her death in 1686; and Mary Johnson, an African woman who arrived in 1623 and labored on a Southside Virginia plantation and later gained her freedom and became a landowner in Virginia.

Along with the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation’s collection of 17th-century objects, the special exhibition will feature more than 60 artifacts on loan from 22 international and national institutions, including the Victoria & Albert Museum, Museum of London, Master and Fellows of Magdalene College Cambridge, Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, National Archives, Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts and the Virginia Department of Historic Resources.

“TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia” is funded in part by the Commonwealth of Virginia, James City County and 2019 Commemoration, American Evolution, with additional support from the Robins Foundation.

Historical Accounts 

Explore little-known stories of women in Jamestown and 17th-century Virginia, including: 

  • Anne Burras Laydon:  Soon after Anne, age 14, arrived in Jamestown in 1608 as the maidservant to Mistress Forrest, the wife of colonist Thomas Forrest, her mistress is thought to have died soon thereafter. Anne, now the only English woman at Jamestown, was left to find a life of her own in the New World. Within two months of her arrival, Anne married John Laydon in the first recorded English marriage in Virginia. While working as a seamstress for the Virginia Company, she was ordered beaten by Governor Thomas Dale after he found the shirts she made unsatisfactory, a punishment that caused her to suffer a miscarriage. John and Anne Laydon survived the deadly 1609-10 winter, known as the “starving time,” and went on to establish a home in Elizabeth City with their four daughters.
  • Cockacoeske: In 1677, after Englishmen attacked several Virginia Indian tribes including the Pamunkey led by Cockacoeske, this “faithfull friend to and lover of the English” and other Indian leaders met with the colonial officials, leading to the Treaty of Middle Plantation. This treaty united several Virginia tribes under her authority for a short time, as two tribes dropped out in the first year, and reinforced the boundaries of their remaining Indian lands. Treaty negotiations set a precedent and established a pattern for later Indian reservations. Cockacoeske’s legacy is a reminder of women’s power and influence in traditional Powhatan Indian culture.
  • Mary Johnson: Arriving in Virginia in 1623, African Mary Johnson worked on the Southside Virginia plantation owned by Richard Bennett. There, she met and married Antonio (Anthony) Johnson. By the 1640s, both of them had gained their freedom and settled in Northampton County on the Eastern Shore. The couple acquired their first land patent for 250 acres in 1650, and over the next four years their sons acquired 650 acres, bringing the size of their family plantation to 900 acres. Two Africans, John Casar and Mary Gersheene, are documented as serving in the Johnson household. As laws in Virginia were becoming more restrictive for Africans, the couple moved to Somerset County, Maryland, and leased 300 acres on which they established a plantation, “Tonies Vineyard.”

Rare Artifacts 

  • Ferrar Papers, circa 1621: On loan for the first time in America from the Master and Fellows of Magdalene College Cambridge, United Kingdom, the Ferrar Papers are a key source of information about the English women who arrived in Virginia in 1621 and 1622. Compiled by the family of Nicholas Ferrar, a merchant in London, the Ferrar Papers include business documents of the Virginia Company of London, and list the names, references and qualifications of many of the 56 women recruited to go to Virginia in 1621 to become wives of the settlers. A touch-screen interactive display near the original documents will allow visitors to delve into passages of the papers to learn more about these early English women. 
  • Court Cupboard, circa 1650-1670: On loan from the Collection of the Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts, a court cupboard thought to have been crafted in James City County or York County, Virginia, is one of the oldest-known pieces of Virginia-made furniture. The cupboard is associated with Mary Peirsey Hill Bushrod, who arrived in Jamestown in 1623 at the age of 10.
  • Ducking Chair, traditional 17th century: An English ducking chair, a recent acquisition to the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation collection, represents the use of public humiliation as punishment that was common in England and in America from the early 17th to 19th centuries. Offenders – usually women – were strapped to a sturdy chair, which was fastened to a long wooden beam, and dunked into a body of water. A 1634 Virginia court case recorded that Betsey Tucker was punished in this way for “brabbling” or gossiping.

Interactive Experiences

  • Legacy Wall: A touch-screen Legacy Wall will allow visitors to explore stories of women from 1607 to the present day in five themes — occupation, citizenship, marriage, education and healthcare. Visitors will be able to share stories of influential women across history, including those in their own lives and families, and add them to the Legacy Wall.
  • Ferrar Papers: An interactive will allow visitors to gain additional insight to the 56 women listed in the 1621 Ferrar Papers with the touch of a screen.  Presented near the original documents on loan from the Master and Fellows of Magdalene College Cambridge, the interactive will feature the names, ages and conditions under which these young English women came to Virginia. The original 17th-century script of the document will be presented with a modern translation. 
  • Should I Stay or Should I Go?: A third interactive, formatted similarly to 21st-century online review sites, will engage visitors in reading positive and negative reviews of 17th-century Virginia and will encourage users to decide if they would have stayed in England or gone to Virginia. Humorous reviews are based on actual quotes from the time period, which visitors can explore with the touch of an icon.

Exhibit-Related Programs

A series of special programs, from public lectures to performances, will complement the special exhibition through January 5, 2020. Among them is “Mother Tongue,” an original play written by regional Emmy-award winning scriptwriter Abigail Schumann. The play tells the story of three women whose lives and cultures intersected at Jamestown who come together to consider if, and how, the future will remember them and why it matters. “Mother Tongue,” made possible in part by Dominion Energy, will debut in 2019 at Jamestown Settlement and travel to other venues in Virginia.

About Jamestown Settlement

Jamestown Settlement explores the world of America’s first permanent English colony and the Powhatan Indian, English and west central African cultures that converged in the 17th-century Virginia. Through comprehensive and immersive indoor exhibits and outdoor living-history experiences, discover life in the Jamestown colony and its first century as Virginia’s capital. Jamestown Settlement is administered by the Commonwealth of Virginia’s Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation and is accredited by the American Alliance of Museums.

Open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily (until 6 p.m. June 15-August 15), Jamestown Settlement is located on Route 31 just southwest of Williamsburg. Parking is free.


2018 admission is $17.00 for adults, $8.00 for ages 6 through 12 (2019: $17.50 for adults, $8.25 for ages 6-12), and free for children under 6. A value-priced combination ticket to Jamestown Settlement and the American Revolution Museum at Yorktown is $25.50 for adults and $12.25 for ages 6-12 (2019: $26.00 for adults, $12.50 ages 6-12).

About the 2019 Commemoration, American EvolutionTM

The 2019 Commemoration, American Evolution, highlights events that occurred in Virginia in 1619 that continue to influence America today. American Evolution commemorates the ongoing journey toward the key ideals of democracy, diversity and opportunity. A 2019 series of featured programs, events and legacy projects, including the “TENACITY” special exhibition, will underscore Virginia’s role as a leader in education, tourism and economic development. Learn more at https://www.americanevolution2019.com/.

For information about Jamestown Settlement’s “TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia,” call toll-free (888) 593-4682 or (757) 253-4838, or visit https://www.historyisfun.org/tenacity/.

Jamestown Settlement to Present ‘A Diplomatic America’ Lecture Series in September

WILLIAMSBURG, Va., August 14, 2018 – Jamestown Settlement, a museum of 17th-century Virginia history and culture, will present “A Diplomatic America” public lecture series on Thursday, September 6, 13 and 27. The free public lectures will begin at 7 p.m. in Jamestown Settlement’s Robins Foundation Theater. Ever since Europeans set foot in Virginia, diplomacy has been part of our country’s evolu

Read Full Post
‘Homeschool Program Days’ Return September 8-23 to Jamestown Settlement, American Revolution Museum at Yorktown

Hands-on Student and Family Tours Enhance Learning Experiences WILLIAMSBURG, Va., August 13, 2018 – Jamestown Settlement and the American Revolution Museum at Yorktown will offer special admission along with family and student tours September 8-23 during its annual “Homeschool Program Days.” The two museums are administered by the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation, an educational agency of the Common

Read Full Post
Naturalization Ceremony at the American Revolution Museum at Yorktown August 1 to Recognize New American Citizens

YORKTOWN, Va., July 30, 2018 – A naturalization ceremony for candidates receiving American citizenship will be held on Wednesday, August 1, at the American Revolution Museum at Yorktown. The event is hosted by the Yorktown Comte de Grasse Chapter, National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, and the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation in partnership with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Servic

Read Full Post
Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation Staff, Volunteers Honored for Achievement, Service

[caption id="attachment_24468" align="alignright" width="323"] Meritorious Awards were presented to Homer Lanier, Jennifer Daley, Bain Schultz and Lisa Lucas.[/caption] WILLIAMSBURG, Va., June 25, 2018 — The Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation, the state agency that administers Jamestown Settlement and American Revolution Museum at Yorktown living-history museums, recognized 33 employees for reaching

Read Full Post
‘Liberty Celebration’ Drums Up Patriotic Fun July 4 at American Revolution Museum at Yorktown

YORKTOWN, Va., June 21, 2018 — Salute the 242nd anniversary of the Declaration of Independence during “Liberty Celebration,” July 4 at the American Revolution Museum at Yorktown. From 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., visitors can enjoy music, interpretive programs, military drills and artillery demonstrations, as well as learn about the challenges that faced our nation’s founders, including those who signed t

Read Full Post
Jamestown Settlement’s Godspeed Sailing to Norfolk for 42nd Annual Harborfest Event

WILLIAMSBURG, Va., May 30, 2018 – Jamestown Settlement’s Godspeed, a re-creation of one of the three vessels that brought America’s first permanent English colonists to Virginia in 1607, will participate in the 42nd Annual Norfolk Harborfest® June 8-10. Jamestown Settlement’s Godspeed will take part in a parade of sail that starts in Hampton Roads and arrives off Town Point Park at noon, Friday

Read Full Post
‘Blast From the Past: Artillery in the War of Independence’ Special Exhibition Opening June 10 at the American Revolution Museum at Yorktown

YORKTOWN, Va., May 23, 2018 — As the last great victory of the American Revolution, the 1781 Siege of Yorktown is known for the use of artillery by General George Washington’s Continental Army. Through interactive experiences and artifact displays, the “Blast from the Past: Artillery in the War of Independence” special exhibition will feature artillery used on all fronts of the American Revolution

Read Full Post
‘Artillery Through the Ages’ Weekend June 9 & 10 Marks Opening of ‘Blast from the Past’ Special Exhibition

YORKTOWN, Va., May 23, 2018 — As part of the opening weekend of “Blast from the Past: Artillery in the War of Independence” special exhibition at the American Revolution Museum at Yorktown, special demonstrations and programs on Saturday and Sunday, June 9 and 10, will explore the role of artillery during the Revolution and members of a gun crew. These “Artillery Through the Ages” programs will be

Read Full Post
‘Rock the Dock’ May 18 at Jamestown Settlement

Proceeds Support Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation Living-History Museums WILLIAMSBURG, Va., May 8, 2018 — “Rock the Dock” will be held at Jamestown Settlement’s ships’ pier and riverfront discovery area on Friday, May 18, from 7:00 to 9:30 p.m. Proceeds benefit educational programs of the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation and its museums, Jamestown Settlement and the American Revolution Museum at Yorkto

Read Full Post
‘Jamestown Day’ at Jamestown Settlement & Historic Jamestowne Marks 411th Anniversary of America’s First Permanent English Colony

WILLIAMSBURG, Va., April 25, 2018 — On Saturday, May 12, Jamestown Settlement and Historic Jamestowne will collaborate to offer a range of programs marking the 411th anniversary of the 1607 founding of America’s first permanent English settlement. “Jamestown Day” features one of Jamestown Settlement’s ships sailing in the James River and Historic Jamestowne’s ongoing archaeological discoveries of

Read Full Post
Enjoy ‘An Afternoon of Cultural Cuisine’ on April 28 With Culinary Historian and Author Michael Twitty at the American Revolution Museum at Yorktown

YORKTOWN, Va., April 17, 2018 — Explore the multicultural heritage of southern cooking during a special afternoon culinary event on Saturday, April 28, featuring cooking and conversation with Michael W. Twitty, African American and Jewish culinary historian and author. The program begins at 2 p.m. in the museum’s re-created Revolution-era farm. [caption id="attachment_23877" align="alignright

Read Full Post
Fifty Young People to be Recognized as U.S. Citizens in April 21 Ceremony at Jamestown Settlement

WILLIAMSBURG, Va., April 12, 2018 – A Citizenship Ceremony for children of naturalized United States citizens and those adopted by American citizens will be held on Saturday, April 21, at Jamestown Settlement, a museum of 17th-century Virginia. The event is hosted by the Williamsburg Chapter, National Society Daughters of the American Revolution and the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation in partnership

Read Full Post
Registration Opens April 1 for Summer History Camps at Jamestown Settlement, American Revolution Museum at Yorktown

WILLIAMSBURG, Va., March 30, 2018 – Jamestown Settlement and the American Revolution Museum at Yorktown will offer a full slate of history camps with hands-on fun this summer for young people age 4 through eighth grade. Registration begins online April 1 for an array of Broadside history camps in June and July, the “School of the Musketeer” in July and “Yorktown Myth Busters” in August. Offerin

Read Full Post
‘Military Through the Ages’ Event at Jamestown Settlement March 17-18 Presents Centuries of Military History in One Weekend

WILLIAMSBURG, Va., March 7, 2018 — In one weekend, visitors can experience centuries of military history during Jamestown Settlement’s time-honored “Military Through the Ages” event on Saturday and Sunday, March 17 and 18. More than 400 re-enactors depicting armed forces from the fifth century B.C. to modern-day soldiers with the Virginia Army National Guard join forces to present a unique chronol

Read Full Post
Jamestown Settlement & American Revolution Museum at Yorktown Present Dynamic Events, Debut Two Exhibits in 2018

WILLIAMSBURG, Va., February 27, 2018 — Jamestown Settlement® and the American Revolution Museum at Yorktown® feature dynamic special programs in 2018 and debut two special exhibitions on the art of artillery at the Siege of Yorktown and the little-known stories of women in Jamestown and the Virginia colony. These two premier living-history museums of 17th- and 18th-century Virginia offer year-roun

Read Full Post
American Revolution Museum at Yorktown and Jamestown Settlement History Museums Mark Visitation, Revenue Increases in 2017

WILLIAMSBURG, Va., January 16, 2018 – Paid visitation in 2017 at Jamestown Settlement and the new American Revolution Museum at Yorktown living-history museums operated by the state’s Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation, totaled 610,844, an increase of 7.7 percent from 2016. Admissions revenue amounted to $6,271,518 in 2017, up 12.3 percent. 2017 paid attendance at the new American Revolution Museum

Read Full Post